Ghaziabad is one of the most industrialized cities in Uttar Pradesh, producing, among other things, trains, diesel engines, bicycles, cathode ray tubes, tapestries, glassware, pottery, vegetable oil, paints, varnishes, auto parts, alcohol etc.
Major companies are located here, including Shriram Pistons, Unichem, Dabur, International Tobacco, Bhushan Steels, Rathi Alloys, Crophealth Products Pvt., Allied Nippon, SNT Infotech (Internet Marketing Company) and Samtel Color.
Ghaziabad is a large city in the state of Uttar Pradesh, the administrative center of the eponymous district. Geographically located on the Hindon River in the north-west of the Gangetic Plain. Demographically it enters a huge urbanized agglomeration zone of Great Delhi, located to the east of the capital district. Since Ghaziabad is located on the western borders of the state, it is called the “Gate of Uttar Pradesh”.
Ghaziabad is a major transportation hub in North India. Several railway branches meet here. The city is known, above all, as a large industrial center, where the leading place is occupied by the metalworking industry and the electrical industry. There are many technical educational institutions in the city. In the west of Ghaziabad operates the Indian Air Force Base.
There are no significant architectural sights in Ghaziabad, but a distinctive feature of the city is the huge number of parks. It is 19 km east of Delhi and 46 km southwest of Meerut. Recently a large number of malls and multiplexes are open in the city. With the widening of the roads, flypills are being constructed and improved at the place of place, and soon the Delhi Metro network is about to be connected. Due to these, it was included in Newsweek International, the world's 10 most progressive cities for 2006.
Ghaziabad is located 1.5 kilometers from the Hinden River. In the north, Bulandshahr and Gautam Buddha are located in the north, then it meets the districts of Meerut in the south, Delhi in the south-west, then the city of Pilakhua in the east and the district of Hapur is situated. Since this is the only way to get to Delhi from Uttar Pradesh, it is also called the entrance gate of Uttar Pradesh.
Ganga, Yamuna and Hindon are the main rivers, which are filled with water throughout the year. In addition to this there are some rainy rivers in the district, which has the Kali River. Ganga canal along with them also flows through the district and through its various branches irrigation is done in the district. Ganga Canal caters to the people of Ghaziabad as well as the drinking water needs of the people of Delhi.
Ghaziabad can be reached by air, rail and road. The nearest airport is Indira Gandhi International Airport, which is approximately 45 kilometers from here. By road, Ghaziabad is connected all over Delhi, Noida, Hapur, Meerut, Saharanpur, Haridwar etc. A large number of people from Ghaziabad go to Delhi for everyday work. Delhi Transport Corporation (DTC) also has ITO from ALTTCBuses run for Delhi.
This bus service runs from Ghaziabad every fifteen minutes. Another DTC bus service runs from PratapVihar to Shivaji Stadium (Connaught Place), New Delhi. Ghaziabad is also well connected to all parts of the country through the railway line. It is a railway junction and many lines pass through Ghaziabad. The main railway station is located in the middle of the city.
Major buses are located near Mohan Nagar, Lohia Nagar, Vasundhara and Meerut Road, from where the buses of UP State Road Transport Corporation run for the entire state.
In 1740, this city was established by the emperor, Ghazi-ud-din, named Ghaziuddinagar by its founder Ghazi-ud-Din. He built a huge structure in the city, which contained 120 rooms and pointed arches. Now there is only a small portion of this construction, in which there is a large pillar of the gate, some parts of the four walls and four feet high. Now this campus is being used by people for the stay. The tomb of Ghazi-Ud-Din is still present in the city, but the situation of conservation is very bad.
During the Indian Rebellion of 1857-58, the British East India Company's Bengal army started with the revolt of the Indian soldiers, the battle which later resulted in a widespread rebellion against British rule, during which one of the most sought after places Make it The freedom fighters, who were trying to capture Hinden river, were defeated by a small troop of British army in an encounter here. The first fight of this freedom brought Ghaziabad to the mainstream of the nation.
Ghaziabad is a prosperous city with historical, mythological, cultural and archaeological views. It has been proved by research work and digging in the district. In the excavation of Kisari on the banks of the Hindonriver, which lies 2 km north of Mohan Nagar.